Forget Colonialism?: Sacrifice and the Art of Memory in Madagascar
While doing fieldwork in a village in east Madagascar that had suffered both heavy settler colonialism and a bloody anticolonial rebellion, Jennifer Cole found herself confronted by a puzzle. People in the area had lived through almost a century of intrusive French colonial rule, but they appeared to have forgotten the colonial period in their daily lives. Then, during democratic elections in 1992–93, the terrifying memories came flooding back. Cole asks, How do once-colonized peoples remember the colonial period? Drawing on a fine-grained ethnography of the social practices of remembering and forgetting in one community, she develops a practice-based approach to social memory.
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Ambodiharina Ampetika ancestors ancestral power Antananarivo aomby ARDM asked Babette Betsimisaraka blessing blood brother bull CAOM cattle sacrifice chapter circumcision cleanse coffee colonial past colonial period colonial power concession context corvée created cultural descendants east coast elders elections embouchure events of 1947 example fact father Forces Vives French administrators French colonial hasina Iaba inhabitants jiro Josef Joseph Gallieni kind labor land Literally live Madagascar Mahanoro Malagasy Malagasy francs Mangoro Mangoro River Marolambo MDRM means memoryscape Merina Moramanga narratives one's particular people's political Politique practices prayer post Ramaresaka rangitra Ratsiraka rebel army rebellion refer relationships remembering rice ritual Sakalava sambatra Serie IID settlers simisaraka sites of memory social speech spirit story symbolic taboos Tamatave tangalamena tantara tension tion told tombs Tovolahy town Tsaravintana Vatomandry vazaha villagers women words Zafimalaone Zakatiana Zanahary