David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar"
In 1838, William Ellis of the LMS published a History of Madagascar, considered a key primary source for nineteenth-century Malagasy history. Four years later, David Griffiths, longest serving member of the Madagascar Mission, published Hanes Madagascar ("History of Madagascar") in Welsh.
Campbell’s study explores the intriguing relationship between these works and their authors. It analyses the role of Griffiths; presents evidence that much of Ellis’ History derived from Griffiths’ research; and presents the first ever translation of Hanes Madagascar (with extensive annotations).
This study suggests that the tensions arising from the different cultural perceptions of Welsh and English missionaries moulded the destiny of the Madagascar mission. It will hopefully inspire re-evaluation of other missions and their relationship to British imperial policy.
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africa Andrianampoinimerina Antananarivo arrived Baker Bible Britain British Burder Cameron Campbell Canham Cape Town Captain Carayon chapel church commented Coppalle David Griffiths David Jones death died EMMC English European Farquhar Freeman and Johns French friends governor Grandidier Griffiths to LMS Hanes Madagascar hankey Hardyman Hilsenberg and Bojer Histoire History ofMadagascar Hovas ibid island J.J. Freeman J.T. Hardyman James Cameron James Hastie Jeffreys Jones and Griffiths Journal king letter Llanfyllin LMS Board Minutes LMS Directors London Missionary Society Lyall Machynlleth Madagascar Mission Malagasy Malagasy Language Malagasy-English Dictionary Malaza Martyrs Mary Mauritius Merina Merina court Narrative natives neuaddlwyd noted officers Port Louis Powell queen Rabary Radama Rafaravavy Rainiharo Ranavalona Raombana reported rice royal sailed Sakalava sent Sibree slaves SOAS/CWM Tamatave tananarive tangena Thomas Wales Welsh wife William ellis