EPA Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project: Profile of the petroleum refining industry
Office of Compliance, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1995 - Petroleum - 137 pages
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acid activities addition Air emissions ammonia amount apply areas atmosphere benzene catalyst chemical Clean coke column companies compliance COMPOUNDS contain cooling costs cracking crude oil databases developed discharge disposal distillation effects emergency Energy enforcement actions environmental equipment establish Exhibit facilities Federal feed fractions fuel fugitive emissions gasoline hazardous waste heat hydrocarbons hydrogen sulfide increased injection Inspections land lead levels limits listed major manufacturing material meet metals off-site Office operations organic percent permit petroleum refineries petroleum refining petroleum refining industry Planning pollution prevention pressure projects RCRA reactor recovery recycled reduce regeneration regulations relatively releases remove reported requirements residual response separate significant sludge solids solvent sources specific standards storage streams Subpart sulfur surface tanks tower transfers treated treatment typically U.S. EPA units vapor violations wastewater treatment
Page 86 - The purposes of this title are "(1) to protect and enhance the quality of the Nation's air resources so as to promote the public health and welfare and the productive capacity of its population...
Page 82 - State determines to contribute to a violation of a water quality standard or is a significant contributor of pollutants to waters of the United States. The term "storm water discharge associated with industrial activity" means a storm water discharge from one of 11 categories of industrial activity defined at 40 CFR 122.26.
Page 46 - Code -- is the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) is a statistical classification standard used for all establishment-based Federal economic statistics. The SIC codes facilitate comparisons between facility and industry data. TRI Facilities — are manufacturing facilities that have 10 or more full-time employees and are above established chemical throughput thresholds. Manufacturing facilities are defined as facilities in Standard Industrial Classification primary codes 20-39. Facilities must...
Page 79 - Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) containing petroleum and hazardous substances are regulated under Subtitle I of RCRA. Subtitle I regulations (40 CFR Part 280) contain tank design and release detection requirements, as well as financial responsibility and corrective action standards for USTs. The UST program also includes upgrade requirements for existing tanks that must be met by December 22, 1998.
Page 85 - Safe Drinking Water Act The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) mandates that EPA establish regulations to protect human health from contaminants in drinking water. The law authorizes EPA to develop national drinking water standards and to create a joint federal-state system to ensure compliance with these standards. The SDWA also directs EPA to protect underground sources of drinking water through the control of underground injection of fluid wastes.
Page 87 - ... single document all air emissions requirements that apply to a given facility. States are developing the permit programs in accordance with guidance and regulations from EPA. Once a State program is approved by EPA, permits will be issued and monitored by that State. Title VI...
Page 67 - POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITIES The best way to reduce pollution is to prevent it in the first place. Some companies have creatively implemented pollution prevention techniques that improve efficiency and increase profits while at the same time minimizing environmental impacts. This can be done in many ways such as reducing material inputs, re-engineering processes to reuse by-products, improving management practices, and employing substitution of toxic chemicals.
Page 85 - EPA has developed primary and secondary drinking water standards under its SDWA authority. EPA and authorized States enforce the primary drinking water standards, which are, contaminant-specific concentration limits that apply to certain public drinking water supplies. Primary drinking water standards consist of maximum contaminant level goals (MCLGs), which are non-enforceable health-based goals, and maximum contaminant levels (MCLs), which are enforceable limits set as close to MCLGs as possible,...
Page 4 - Establishments primarily engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants and other products from crude petroleum and its fractionation products, through straight distillation of crude oil, redistillation of unfinished petroleum derivatives, cracking or other processes.